What Lawmakers Talked About during the HHS FY23 Budget Hearings

Xavier Becerra made the rounds on Capitol Hill recently in his capacity as Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to testify on the Biden administration’s Fiscal Year (FY) 2023 budget request for HHS.  Beyond the secretary’s submitted testimony – which was virtually the same for every hearing – here is a countdown of the top five health-related topics on lawmakers’ minds that were discussed across seven congressional hearings on the HHS budget request.

5. Ending the PHE

In a few hearings, lawmakers questioned Becerra on when the administration plans to unwind the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE), which is currently set to expire on July 16, 2022.  Each and every time, Becerra reiterated the administration’s commitment to providing 60 days’ before ending the PHE in order to give states and health care providers time to prepare.  In recent weeks, the administration has given no indication that it will simply let the current PHE expire in two months.  Since May 16, 2022 marked exactly 60 days before the current PHE expiration date, the administration is all but certain to renew the PHE for another 90-day period come July.

4. Telehealth Waivers

One reason why lawmakers are so interested in how long the PHE will last is because several emergency health care flexibilities are tied to the end of the PHE.  These flexibilities include several Medicare telehealth waivers that waive geographic site originating requirements and allow coverage of audio-only services, among other items.  During the hearings, Becerra repeatedly thanked lawmakers extending temporary telehealth waivers for 151 days – 5 months –  beyond the end of the PHE in the Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 omnibus

Members were also strongly supportive of extending at least some of the telehealth waivers permanently. Some of the telehealth benefits lawmakers cited include increased access to health care in rural areas and relief for the health care workforce shortage.  Becerra voiced agreements on telehealth’s many benefits during the hearings, and he urged lawmakers to work with the administration on developing legislation to make the temporary telehealth authorities permanent.  Fortunately, members are already hard at work and a bipartisan group of House members have already introduced legislation to permanently expand coverage of audio-only telehealth and remove geographic restrictions on originating sites.

3. No Surprises Act

Members from both parties across multiple committees criticized the secretary for not following congressional intent in implementing the No Surprises Act because the rulemaking process establishes the Qualifying Payment Amount (QPA) as the presumptive out-of-network rate in the independent dispute resolution (IDR) process.  They argued that doing so tips the scale in favor of insurers during the IDR process. During the hearing, authors of the No Surprises Act like House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Richard Neal (D-MA) said members went to great lengths to ensure that the legislation established a level playing for all factors to be considered in the IDR process.   

In February 2022, a district court ruling struck down provisions of the No Surprises Act that gave weight to the QPA.  Becerra assured members during the hearings that the administration’s final rule on the No Surprises Act will heed the court’s ruling, although he declined to provide a timeline  on when  the rule will be released.  The secretary also said that HHS is working with the Department of Justice (DOJ) on whether to appeal or accept the ruling.  Additionally, Becerra was confident that the new rule will protect patients from surprise medical bills. 

2. 988 Suicide Hotline

988 will officially become the new suicide hotline on July 16, 2022, and members were curious to see how the administration is ensuring the hotline will work from day one.  States and territories will be responsible for operating the actual hotline, and Becerra explained that the administration is providing states with funding to make sure they can onboard enough counselors and behavioral health professionals to take incoming calls.  In the event that existing state call centers are overwhelmed, Becerra told lawmakers that HHS is working to set-up back-up call centers.  As the launch date approaches, Becerra assured the congressional committees that HHS is “keeping tabs” with states on call center preparation, although he noted that some states will be in a better position than others to take calls right away once the new hotline goes live this summer.


The FY 2022 omnibus established the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Health (ARPA-H) as the newest biomedical research agency within HHS.  While members were unanimous in their support of the new agency, some including Reps. Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) and Anna Eshoo (D-CA) were critical of the administration’s decision to house ARPA-H within the organizational structure of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  DeLauro, Eshoo, and others had been advocating for ARPA-H to be an independent agency within HHS because they felt this arrangement would help cultivate an independent culture within the new agency that would best facilitate the development of new cures.  Additionally, some members including Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS) and Rep. Tom Cole (R-OK) were concerned that the administration’s was proposing additional FY 2023 funding for ARPA-H at the expense of additional funding for existing research projects at NIH.

Becerra assured lawmakers that the placement of ARPA-H was purely administrative, and he explained that having NIH assume functions like accounting and human resources would allow ARPA-H to focus on developing breakthroughs from the get-go.  To further point to the new agency’s independence, he said the ARPA-H director would report to the secretary – not the NIH director – and he added that ARPA-H would not be “physically housed” within the NIH campus. 

Becerra additionally told the congressional panels that ARPA-H will be operational once a director is appointed.  While the secretary said the search for a director is currently underway, he was unable to provide a timeline. 

Inside the New Suicide Hotline Set to Launch This Summer

Everyone knows to dial 911 in case of emergency.  Soon, people experiencing a mental health crisis and are at risk of suicide will be able to dial 988 and get connected to a behavioral health counselor.  With the number of Americans reporting signs of anxiety and depression at an all-time high, a new pathway for mental health care couldn’t come sooner.  However, concerns over the ability for states to respond to 988 calls and a lack of public awareness means the success of the new suicide hotline number isn’t guaranteed.

Background: The National Suicide Hotline Prevention Act established 988 as a universal telephone number for a national suicide prevention crisis hotline in October 2020.   Since states are tasked with fielding 988 calls, the law gives states the authority to impose and collect fees to operate 988 services. 

988 isn’t the first attempt at a national suicide hotline.  First launched in 2004, the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800-273-8255) is a 24/7 service that connects callers experiencing a suicidal crisis to one of 160 crisis centers to receive immediate counseling and referrals to behavioral health professionals.  The Lifeline is still active – more than 2.1 million callers dialed 800-273-8255 in 2020, and the Lifeline will continue to remain in effect alongside 988.  However, there are several reasons why 988 is needed as an additional pathway for crisis intervention.

First, the demand for mental health services is greater than ever.  Cases of anxiety and depression have skyrocketed during the pandemic, and suicide deaths in the US totaled more than 46,000 in 2020, justifying the need for more resources. 

Furthermore, the Lifeline was not adequately handling higher call volume spurred by the pandemic.   In 2021, callers abandoned about 17% of calls to the Lifeline before they received help due to extended wait times; additionally, 41% of text messages and 73% of online chats were also abandoned.  How well the Lifeline addressed higher call volume also varied by state.  In 2020, the state of Washington answered 74% of its calls, while Wyoming only answered 16% of its calls. 

Finally, 988 is a simple number that’s easy to remember – just like 911.  Having more people remember and dial 988 would allow more opportunities to connect people experiencing a mental health crisis with the care they need. 

988 is set to go live on July 16, 2022, and while the federal government won’t be operating the new hotline, agencies have been working to make sure states have the resources they need to start taking incoming calls on day one.  In December 2021, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) announced $282 million to grants to support 988 efforts, including $177 million to strengthen and expand the existing Lifeline network operations (including a network for Spanish speakers) and $105 million to build up staffing in states’ local crisis call centers.  In April 2022, SAMHSA doled out another nearly $105 million in grants to help states shore up their telephone infrastructure ahead of 988’s launch.

Despite hundreds of millions of dollars in federal assistance, states still may not have enough money to start fielding 988 calls once mid-July hits.  SAMHSA estimates that 988 could receive over 7.6 million calls in its first year, requiring $560 million in funding each year – which exceeds the amount of funding provided by federal agencies thus far.  While states do have the authority to fund hotline operations by imposing fees, only four states (Virginia, Nevada, Washington and Colorado) have passed legislation to do this, and many other states have been reluctant to impose fees on consumers amid widespread inflation.

On top of this, most people don’t even know about 988.  Public education on 988 has so far relied on states, which have done little to raise awareness.  A poll by the Trevor Project in April 2022 found that 69% of respondents were unaware of the forthcoming suicide hotline. 

988 has great potential to provide people undergoing a mental health crisis to get the care they need.  But without enough money and clear communication, there’s a chance the new hotline might not live up to its expectations and otherwise preventable deaths by suicide could still continue to occur.